Glycemia but not the metabolic syndrome is associated with cognitive decline: findings from the European Male Ageing Study

Overman, M. J. et al. (2017) Glycemia but not the metabolic syndrome is associated with cognitive decline: findings from the European Male Ageing Study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 25(6), pp. 662-671. (doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2017.02.004) (PMID:28259698)

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Abstract

Objective: Previous research has indicated that components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), such as hyperglycemia and hypertension, are negatively associated with cognition. However, evidence that MetS itself is related to cognitive performance has been inconsistent. This longitudinal study investigates whether MetS or its components affect cognitive decline in aging men and whether any interaction with inflammation exists. Methods: Over a mean of 4.4 years (SD ± 0.3), men aged 40–79 years from the multicenter European Male Ageing Study were recruited. Cognitive functioning was assessed using the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF), the Camden Topographical Recognition Memory (CTRM) task, and the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were measured using a chemiluminescent immunometric assay. Results: Overall, 1,913 participants contributed data to the ROCF analyses and 1,965 subjects contributed to the CTRM and DSST analyses. In multiple regression models the presence of baseline MetS was not associated with cognitive decline over time (p > 0.05). However, logistic ordinal regressions indicated that high glucose levels were related to a greater risk of decline on the ROCF Copy (β = −0.42, p < 0.05) and the DSST (β = −0.39, p < 0.001). There was neither a main effect of hs-CRP levels nor an interaction effect of hs-CRP and MetS at baseline on cognitive decline. Conclusion: No evidence was found for a relationship between MetS or inflammation and cognitive decline in this sample of aging men. However, glycemia was negatively associated with visuoconstructional abilities and processing speed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lean, Professor Michael
Authors: Overman, M. J., Pendleton, N., O'Neill, T. W., Bartfai, G., Casanueva, F. F., Forti, G., Rastrelli, G., Giwercman, A., Han, T. S., Huhtaniemi, I. T., Kula, K., Lean, M. E.J., Punab, M., Lee, D. M., Correa, E. S., Ahern, T., Laurent, M. R., Verschueren, S. M.P., Antonio, L., Gielen, E., Rutter, M. K., Vanderschueren, D., Wu, F. C.W., and Tournoy, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1064-7481
ISSN (Online):1545-7214
Published Online:07 February 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
First Published:First published in American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 25(6): 662-671
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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