Severe eosinophilic cholangiohepatitis due to fluke infestation in a pony in Scotland

Raftery, A.G. , Berman, K.G. and Sutton, D.G.M. (2017) Severe eosinophilic cholangiohepatitis due to fluke infestation in a pony in Scotland. Equine Veterinary Education, 29(4), pp. 196-201. (doi:10.1111/eve.12470)

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Abstract

Fasciola hepatica infestation is reported as a cause of severe eosinophilic cholangiohepatitis in a 28-year-old Warmblood cross pony gelding. The gelding presented initially for investigation of acute laminitis found to be secondary to pars pituitary intermedia dysfunction (PPID). Six weeks of treatment including administration of pergolide achieved good control of the laminitis but there was a marked general clinical deterioration over this period with notable weight loss, tachycardia, anorexia and ventral oedema. Hepatobiliary enzymes were increased significantly and there was mild elevation of plasma bile acid concentration. An eosinophilia in both blood and peritoneal fluid specimens and histopathological confirmation of an eosinophilic cholangiohepatitis on examination of liver biopsies supported a primary parasitic aetiology. The pony was treated for Fasciola hepatica with triclabendazole 12 mg/kg bwt but clinical signs continued to progress. Due to poor clinical response the pony was subjected to euthanasia and post mortem examination revealed an overwhelming infestation of the biliary tracts with Fasciola hepatica and a secondary chronic and severe cholangiohepatitis with marked fibrosis. To the authors' knowledge this is the first equine report demonstrating the relationship between the clinical disease syndrome, eosinophilic cholangiohepatitis and hepatic fluke infestation. Depending on geographical location, fasciolosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis for equine hepatopathies and can result in severe disease.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Berman, Dr Katherine and Raftery, Alexandra and Sutton, Professor David
Authors: Raftery, A.G., Berman, K.G., and Sutton, D.G.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Equine Veterinary Education
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0957-7734
ISSN (Online):2042-3292
Published Online:03 November 2015

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