Tenecteplase in ischemic stroke offers improved recanalization: analysis of 2 trials

Bivard, A. et al. (2017) Tenecteplase in ischemic stroke offers improved recanalization: analysis of 2 trials. Neurology, 89(1), pp. 62-67. (doi:10.​1212/​WNL.​0000000000004062) (PMID:28576782)

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Abstract

Objective: To test whether patients with complete vessel occlusion show greater recanalization at 24 hours and have improved clinical outcomes at 24 hours and 90 days when treated with tenecteplase compared to alteplase. Methods: Pooled clinical and imaging data from 2 phase 2 randomized trials comparing tenecteplase with alteplase allowed CT angiography (CTA) scans to be assessed centrally for occlusion status at baseline and at 24 hours post thrombolysis using the modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) scale. Twenty-four-hour poststroke NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were also compared between treatment groups using linear regression to generate odds ratios (ORs). Results: From 146 pooled patients, 69 had a TICI 0/1 occlusion overall at baseline. Tenecteplase-treated patients with a complete vessel occlusion had greater complete recanalization rates at 24 hours (71% for tenecteplase vs 43% for alteplase, p < 0.001). Patients with a TICI 0/1 occlusion who were treated with tenecteplase also showed greater early clinical improvement (median NIHSS change with tenecteplase was 9, interquartile range [IQR] 6, alteplase 1, IQR 1, p = 0.001) and higher rates of favorable 90-day outcomes (mRS 0–1 of tenecteplase compared with alteplase, OR 4.82, 95% confidence interval 1.02–7.84, p = 0.05). Conclusions: Tenecteplase may offer greater recanalization efficacy compared to alteplase, possibly exaggerated in patients with complete vessel occlusions on baseline CTA.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The Australian TNK study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council. The ATTEST study was funded by the UK Stroke Association
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cheripelli, Dr Bharath Kumar and Huang, Dr Xuya and Muir, Professor Keith and Ford, Professor Ian and Kalladka, Dr Dheeraj and Moreton, Dr Fiona
Authors: Bivard, A., Huang, X., Levi, C. R., Spratt, N., Campbell, B. C.V., Cheripelli, B. K., Kalladka, D., Moreton, F. C., Ford, I., Bladin, C. F., Davis, S. M., Donnan, G. A., Muir, K. W., and Parsons, M. W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Neurology
Publisher:American Academy of Neurology
ISSN:0028-3878
ISSN (Online):1526-632X
Published Online:02 June 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Neurology
First Published:First published in Neurology 89(1):62-67
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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