Infant adiposity following a randomised controlled trial of a behavioural intervention in obese pregnancy

Patel, N. et al. (2017) Infant adiposity following a randomised controlled trial of a behavioural intervention in obese pregnancy. International Journal of Obesity, 41(7), pp. 1018-1026. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2017.44) (PMID:28216644)

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Randomised controlled trials are required to address causality in the reported associations between maternal influences and offspring adiposity. The aim of this study was to determine whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women associated with improved maternal diet and reduced gestational weight gain leads to a reduction in infant adiposity and sustained improvements in maternal lifestyle behaviours at 6 months postpartum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a planned postnatal follow up of a randomised controlled trial (UPBEAT) of a complex behavioural intervention targeting maternal diet (glycemic load and saturated fat intake) and physical activity in 1555 obese pregnant women. The main outcome measure was infant adiposity, assessed by subscapular and triceps skinfold thicknesses. Maternal diet and physical activity, indices of the familial lifestyle environment, were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: 698 (45.9%) infants (342 intervention, 356 standard antenatal care) were followed up at mean age 5.92 months. There was no difference in triceps skinfold thickness z-scores between the intervention vs standard care arms (difference −0.14 s.d., 95% CI −0.38 to 0.10, P=0.246), but subscapular skinfold thickness z-score was 0.26 s.d. (−0.49 to −0.02; P=0.03) lower in the intervention arm. Maternal dietary glycemic load (−35.34; −48.0 to −22.67; P<0.001) and saturated fat intake (−1.93% energy; −2.64 to −1.22; P<0.001) were reduced in the intervention arm at 6 months postpartum. Causal mediation analysis suggested that lower infant subscapular skinfold thickness was mediated by changes in antenatal maternal diet and gestational weight gain rather than postnatal diet. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence from follow-up of a randomised controlled trial that a maternal behavioural intervention in obese pregnant women has the potential to reduce infant adiposity and to produce a sustained improvement in maternal diet at 6 months postpartum.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nelson, Professor Scott and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Patel, N., Godfrey, K.M., Pasupathy, D., Levin, J., Flynn, A.C., Hayes, L., Briley, A.L., Bell, R., Lawlor, D.A., Oteng-Ntim, E., Nelson, S.M., Robson, S.C., Sattar, N., Singh, C., Wardle, J., White, S., Seed, P.T., and Poston, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:International Journal of Obesity
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0307-0565
ISSN (Online):1476-5497
Published Online:20 February 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
First Published:First published in International Journal of Obesity 41(7):1018-1026
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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