Prevalence of feline calicivirus in cats with odontoclastic resorptive lesions and chronic gingivostomatitis

Thomas, S., Lappin, D. F., Spears, J., Bennett, D., Nile, C. and Riggio, M. P. (2017) Prevalence of feline calicivirus in cats with odontoclastic resorptive lesions and chronic gingivostomatitis. Research in Veterinary Science, 111, pp. 124-126. (doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.02.004) (PMID:28235708)

Thomas, S., Lappin, D. F., Spears, J., Bennett, D., Nile, C. and Riggio, M. P. (2017) Prevalence of feline calicivirus in cats with odontoclastic resorptive lesions and chronic gingivostomatitis. Research in Veterinary Science, 111, pp. 124-126. (doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.02.004) (PMID:28235708)

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Abstract

Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion (FORL) and feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) are two of the most common diseases of the feline oral cavity. While evidence is emerging that FCGS is caused by gingival inflammation initiated and perpetuated by the oral microbiota, little is known in this regard for FORL. Feline calicivirus (FCV) has been associated with the presence of FCGS and is thought to play a role in the initiation of this disease. In this study, the incidence of FCV was investigated in cats with FORL and FCGS, and compared to unaffected controls. FCV was detected by viral culture. The incidence of FCV was as follows: 6 (24.0%) of 24 control cats, 9 (22.5%) of 40 cats with FORL and 15 (60.0%) of 25 cats with FCGS were positive for FCV. There was a significant difference in FCV incidence between all the groups (p = 0.003) but none between the control group and the FORL group. However, significant differences were observed in the incidence of FCV between control and FCGS (p = 0.010) and between FORL and FCGS (p = 0.006). It is concluded that although FCV may be associated with FCGS, it appears unlikely to play a role in FORL.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was funded by Nestlé Purina PetCare (St. Louis, MO, USA).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Riggio, Dr Marcello and Bennett, Professor David and Nile, Dr Christopher
Authors: Thomas, S., Lappin, D. F., Spears, J., Bennett, D., Nile, C., and Riggio, M. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Research in Veterinary Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0034-5288
ISSN (Online):1532-2661
Published Online:09 February 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Research in Veterinary Science 111:124-126
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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