An integrative literature review of organisational factors associated with admission and discharge delays in critical care

Peltonen, L.-M., McCallum, L. , Siirala, E., Haataja, M., Lundgrén-Laine, H., Salanterä, S. and Lin, F. (2015) An integrative literature review of organisational factors associated with admission and discharge delays in critical care. BioMed Research International, 2015, 868653. (doi: 10.1155/2015/868653) (PMID:26558286) (PMCID:PMC4629003)

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Abstract

The literature shows that delayed admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and discharge delays from the ICU are associated with increased adverse events and higher costs. Identifying factors related to delays will provide information to practice improvements, which contribute to better patient outcomes. The aim of this integrative review was to explore the incidence of patients’ admission and discharge delays in critical care and to identify organisational factors associated with these delays. Seven studies were included. The major findings are as follows: (1) explanatory research about discharge delays is scarce and one study on admission delays was found, (2) delays are a common problem mostly due to organisational factors, occurring in 38% of admissions and 22–67% of discharges, and (3) redesigning care processes by improving information management and coordination between units and interdisciplinary teams could reduce discharge delays. In conclusion, patient outcomes can be improved through efficient and safe care processes. More exploratory research is needed to identify factors that contribute to admission and discharge delays to provide evidence for clinical practice improvements. Shortening delays requires an interdisciplinary and multifaceted approach to the whole patient flow process. Conclusions should be made with caution due to the limited number of articles included in this review.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McCallum, Mrs Louise
Authors: Peltonen, L.-M., McCallum, L., Siirala, E., Haataja, M., Lundgrén-Laine, H., Salanterä, S., and Lin, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
Journal Name:BioMed Research International
Publisher:Hindawi Publishing Corporation
ISSN:2314-6133
ISSN (Online):2314-6141
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Laura-Maria Peltonen et al.
First Published:First published in BioMed Research International 2015:868653
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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