Rat embryo fibroblasts immortalized with simian virus 40 large T antigen undergo senescence upon its inactivation

Gonos, E. S. et al. (1996) Rat embryo fibroblasts immortalized with simian virus 40 large T antigen undergo senescence upon its inactivation. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 16(9), pp. 5127-5138. (doi: 10.1128/MCB.16.9.5127) (PMID:8756670) (PMCID:PMC231513)

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Introduction of simian virus 40 T antigen into rodent fibroblasts gives rise to cells that can proliferate indefinitely but are dependent upon it for maintenance of their growth once the normal mitotic life span has elapsed. Inactivation of T antigen in these immortalized cells causes rapid and irreversible cessation of growth. To determine whether this growth arrest is associated with entry into senescence, we have undertaken a genetic and biological analysis of conditionally immortal (tsa) cell lines derived by immortalizing rat embryo fibroblasts with the thermolabile tsA58 T antigen. This analysis has identified the following parallels between the tsa cells after inactivation of T antigen and senescent rat embryo fibroblasts: (i) growth arrest is irreversible; (ii) it occurs in G1 as well as G2; (iii) the G1 block can be partially overcome by stimulation with 20% fetal calf serum, but the G2 block cannot be overcome; (iv) 20% fetal calf serum induces c-fos, but c-myc is unaltered; and (v) fibronectin and p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) are upregulated upon growth arrest. These results suggest that T-antigen-immortalized fibroblasts are committed to undergo senescence but are prevented from undergoing this process by T antigen. Inactivation of T antigen removes this block and results in senescence of the cells. Thus, these cell lines may represent a powerful system for study of the molecular basis of entry into senescence.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barnett, Professor Susan
Authors: Gonos, E. S., Burns, J. S., Mazars, G. R., Kobrna, A., Riley, T. E.W., Barnett, S. C., Zafarana, G., Ludwig, R. L., Ikram, Z., Powell, A. J., and Jat, P. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Molecular and Cellular Biology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN (Online):1098-5549

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