Repair of demyelinated lesions by transplantation of purified 0-2A progenitor cells

Groves, A.K., Barnett, S.C. , Franklin, R.J.M., Crang, A.J., Mayer, M., Blakemore, W.F. and Noble, M. (1993) Repair of demyelinated lesions by transplantation of purified 0-2A progenitor cells. Nature, 362(6419), pp. 453-455. (doi:10.1038/362453a0) (PMID:8464477)

Groves, A.K., Barnett, S.C. , Franklin, R.J.M., Crang, A.J., Mayer, M., Blakemore, W.F. and Noble, M. (1993) Repair of demyelinated lesions by transplantation of purified 0-2A progenitor cells. Nature, 362(6419), pp. 453-455. (doi:10.1038/362453a0) (PMID:8464477)

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Abstract

THE transplantation of well defined populations of precursor cells offers a means of repairing damaged tissue and of delivering therapeutic compounds to sites of injury or degeneration. For example, a functional immune system can be reconstituted by transplantation of purified haematopoietic stem cells1, and transplanted skeletal myoblasts and keratinocytes can participate in the formation of normal tissue in host animals2–4. Cell transplantation in the central nervous system (CNS) has been proposed as a means of correcting neuronal dysfunction in diseases associated with neuronal loss5–7; it might also rectify glial cell dysfunction, with transplanted oligodendrocyte precursor cells eventually allowing repair of demyelinating damage in the CNS. Here we use co-operating growth factors to expand purified populations of oligodendrocyte type-2 astrocyte (O-2A) progenitor cells for several weeks in vitro. When injected into demyelinating lesionsin spinal cords of adult rats, created in such a way as to preclude host-mediated remyelination, these expanded populations are capable of producing extensive remyelination. In addition, transplantation of O-2A progenitor cells genetically modified to express the bacterial β-galactosidase gene gives rise to β-galactosidase-positive oligodendrocytes which remyelinate demyelinated axons within the lesion. These results offer a viable strategy for the manipulation of neural precursor cells which is compatible with attempts to repair damaged CNS tissue by precursor transplantation.

Item Type:Articles (Letter)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barnett, Professor Susan
Authors: Groves, A.K., Barnett, S.C., Franklin, R.J.M., Crang, A.J., Mayer, M., Blakemore, W.F., and Noble, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Nature
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
ISSN (Online):1476-4687

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