Ankyrin repeat domain-encoding genes in the wPip strain of Wolbachia from the Culex pipiens group

Walker, T., Klasson, L., Sebaihia, M., Sanders, M. J., Thomson, N. R., Parkhill, J. and Sinkins, S. P. (2007) Ankyrin repeat domain-encoding genes in the wPip strain of Wolbachia from the Culex pipiens group. BMC Biology, 5, 39. (doi:10.1186/1741-7007-5-39) (PMID:17883830) (PMCID:PMC2045654)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Wolbachia are obligate endosymbiotic bacteria maternally transmitted through the egg cytoplasm that are responsible for several reproductive disorders in their insect hosts, such as cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) in infected mosquitoes. Species in the Culex pipiens complex display an unusually high number of Wolbachia-induced crossing types, and based on present data, only the wPip strain is present. RESULTS: The sequencing of the wPip strain of Wolbachia revealed the presence of 60 ankyrin repeat domain (ANK) encoding genes and expression studies of these genes were carried out in adult mosquitoes. One of these ANK genes, pk2, is shown to be part of an operon of three prophage-associated genes with sex-specific expression, and is present in two identical copies in the genome. Another homolog of pk2 is also present that is differentially expressed in different Cx. pipiens group strains. A further two ANK genes showed sex-specific regulation in wPip-infected Cx. pipiens group adults. CONCLUSION: The high number, variability and differential expression of ANK genes in wPip suggest an important role in Wolbachia biology, and the gene family provides both markers and promising candidates for the study of reproductive manipulation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was funded by the Wellcome Trust. SPS is a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow in Basic Biomedical Science, TW was also supported by an award from the Sir Halley Stewart Trust, and LK is an EU Marie Curie Fellow.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sinkins, Professor Steven
Authors: Walker, T., Klasson, L., Sebaihia, M., Sanders, M. J., Thomson, N. R., Parkhill, J., and Sinkins, S. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:BMC Biology
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1741-7007
ISSN (Online):1741-7007
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2007 Walker et al
First Published:First published in BMC Biology 5: 39
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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