The development of biomolecular Raman optical activity spectroscopy

Barron, L. D. (2015) The development of biomolecular Raman optical activity spectroscopy. Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging, 4(3), pp. 223-253. (doi: 10.3233/BSI-150113)

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Following its first observation over 40 years ago, Raman optical activity (ROA), which may be measured as a small difference in the intensity of vibrational Raman scattering from chiral molecules in right- and left-circularly polarized incident light or, equivalently, the intensity of a small circularly polarized component in the scattered light using incident light of fixed polarization, has evolved into a powerful chiroptical spectroscopy for studying a large range of biomolecules in aqueous solution. The long and tortuous path leading to the first observations of ROA in biomolecules in 1989, in which the author was closely involved from the very beginning, is documented, followed by a survey of subsequent developments and applications up to the present day. Among other things, ROA provides information about motif and fold, as well as secondary structure, of proteins; solution structure of carbohydrates; polypeptide and carbohydrate structure of intact glycoproteins; new insight into structural elements present in unfolded protein sequences; and protein and nucleic acid structure of intact viruses. Quantum chemical simulations of observed Raman optical activity spectra provide the complete three-dimensional structure, together with information about conformational dynamics, of smaller biomolecules. Biomolecular ROA measurements are now routine thanks to a commercial instrument based on a novel design becoming available in 2004.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barron, Professor Laurence
Authors: Barron, L. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging
Publisher:IOS Press
ISSN (Online):2212-8808
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 IOS Press and the author
First Published:First published in Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging 4(3): 223-253
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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