CDKN2A/p16INK4a expression is associated with vascular progeria in chronic kidney disease

Stenvinkel, P. et al. (2017) CDKN2A/p16INK4a expression is associated with vascular progeria in chronic kidney disease. Aging, 9(2), pp. 494-507. (doi: 10.18632/aging.101173) (PMID:28192277)

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Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) display a progeric vascular phenotype linked to apoptosis, cellular senescence and osteogenic transformation. This has proven intractable to modelling appropriately in model organisms. We have therefore investigated this directly in man, using for the first time validated cellular biomarkers of ageing (CDKN2A/p16INK4a, SA-β-Gal) in arterial biopsies from 61 CKD patients undergoing living donor renal transplantation. We demonstrate that in the uremic milieu, increased arterial expression of CDKN2A/p16INK4a associated with vascular progeria in CKD, independently of chronological age. The arterial expression of CDKN2A/p16INK4a was significantly higher in patients with coronary calcification (p=0.01) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) (p=0.004). The correlation between CDKN2A/p16INK4a and media calcification was statistically significant (p=0.0003) after correction for chronological age. We further employed correlate expression of matrix Gla protein (MGP) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) as additional pathognomonic markers. Higher expression of CDKN2A/p16INK4a, RUNX2 and MGP were observed in arteries with severe media calcification. The number of p16INK4a and SA-β-Gal positive cells was higher in biopsies with severe media calcification. A strong inverse correlation was observed between CDKN2A/p16INK4a expression and carboxylated osteocalcin levels. Thus, impaired vitamin K mediated carboxylation may contribute to premature vascular senescence.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Paul and McGuinness, Dr Dagmara
Authors: Stenvinkel, P., Luttropp, K., McGuinness, D., Witasp, A., Qureshi, A. R., Wernerson, A., Nordfors, L., Schalling, M., Ripsweden, J., Wennberg, L., Söderberg, M., Bárány, P., Olauson, H., and Shiels, P. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Aging
Publisher:Impact Journals
ISSN (Online):1945-4589
Published Online:09 February 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Aging 9(2): 494-507
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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