A theory-informed qualitative exploration of social and environmental determinants of physical activity and dietary choices in young adults with intellectual disabilities in their final year of school

Stevens, G., Jahoda, A. , Matthews, L. , Hankey, C., Melville, C. , Murray, H. and Mitchell, F. (2018) A theory-informed qualitative exploration of social and environmental determinants of physical activity and dietary choices in young adults with intellectual disabilities in their final year of school. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 31(S1), pp. 52-67. (doi:10.1111/jar.12340) (PMID:28401626)

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity is higher in those with intellectual disabilities than the general population. The aim of the study was to understand the determinants of physical activity and dietary patterns in this population during their final year of school. Method: Qualitative data were generated from 10 interviews with adolescents with mild–moderate intellectual disabilities. Data were analysed using deductive thematic analysis, employing Self-Determination Theory as a theoretical framework. Results: Adolescents’ environment and social interactions play a pivotal role in influencing physical activity and dietary patterns. Three themes emerged from the analysis: situatedness, motivation and wider environmental influences. Conclusions: School structure, high self-efficacy and social connectedness facilitate increased physical activity and healthier diet in adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Home life, low self-efficacy and a lack of social connectedness can serve as a barrier to PA and a healthy diet.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors of this study would like to acknowledge and thank the Baily Thomas Charitable Fund for funding this research.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Matthews, Dr Lynsay and Jahoda, Professor Andrew and Murray, Mrs Heather and Hankey, Dr Catherine and Mitchell, Dr Fiona and Melville, Professor Craig
Authors: Stevens, G., Jahoda, A., Matthews, L., Hankey, C., Melville, C., Murray, H., and Mitchell, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1360-2322
ISSN (Online):1468-3148
Published Online:12 April 2017

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