Identification of LukPQ, a novel, equid-adapted leukocidin of Staphylococcus aureus

Koop, G. et al. (2017) Identification of LukPQ, a novel, equid-adapted leukocidin of Staphylococcus aureus. Scientific Reports, 7, 40660. (doi: 10.1038/srep40660) (PMID:28106142) (PMCID:PMC5247767)

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Bicomponent pore-forming leukocidins are a family of potent toxins secreted by Staphylococcus aureus, which target white blood cells preferentially and consist of an S- and an F-component. The S-component recognizes a receptor on the host cell, enabling high-affinity binding to the cell surface, after which the toxins form a pore that penetrates the cell lipid bilayer. Until now, six different leukocidins have been described, some of which are host and cell specific. Here, we identify and characterise a novel S. aureus leukocidin; LukPQ. LukPQ is encoded on a 45 kb prophage (ΦSaeq1) found in six different clonal lineages, almost exclusively in strains cultured from equids. We show that LukPQ is a potent and specific killer of equine neutrophils and identify equine-CXCRA and CXCR2 as its target receptors. Although the S-component (LukP) is highly similar to the S-component of LukED, the species specificity of LukPQ and LukED differs. By forming non-canonical toxin pairs, we identify that the F-component contributes to the observed host tropism of LukPQ, thereby challenging the current paradigm that leukocidin specificity is driven solely by the S-component.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zadoks, Professor Ruth
Authors: Koop, G., Vrieling, M., Storisteanu, D. M.L., Lok, L. S.C., Monie, T., van Wigcheren, G., Raisen, C., Ba, X., Gleadall, N., Hadjirin, N., Timmerman, A. J., Wagenaar, J. A., Klunder, H. M., Fitzgerald, J. R., Zadoks, R., Paterson, G. K., Torres, C., Waller, A. S., Loeffler, A., Loncaric, I., Hoet, A. E., Bergström, K., De Martino, L., Pomba, C., de Lencastre, H., Ben Slama, K., Gharsa, H., Richardson, E. J., Chilvers, E. R., de Haas, C., van Kessel, K., van Strijp, J. A.G., Harrison, E. M., and Holmes, M. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Scientific Reports
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):2045-2322
Published Online:20 January 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Scientific Reports 7: 40660
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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