A survey and tutorial of electromagnetic radiation and reduction in mobile communication systems

Sambo, Y. A. , Heliot, F. and Imran, M. A. (2015) A survey and tutorial of electromagnetic radiation and reduction in mobile communication systems. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 17(2), pp. 790-802. (doi:10.1109/COMST.2014.2364136)

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Abstract

This paper provides a survey and tutorial of electromagnetic (EM) radiation exposure and reduction in mobile communication systems. EM radiation exposure has received a fair share of interest in the literature; however, this work is one of the first to compile the most interesting results and ideas related to EM exposure in mobile communication systems and present possible ways of reducing it. We provide a comprehensive survey of existing literature and also offer a tutorial on the dosimetry, metrics, international projects as well as guidelines and limits on the exposure from EM radiation in mobile communication systems. Based on this survey and given that EM radiation exposure is closely linked with specific absorption rate (SAR) and transmit power usage, we propose possible techniques for reducing EM radiation exposure in mobile communication systems by exploring known concepts related to SAR and transmit power reduction in mobile systems. Thus, this paper serves as an introductory guide to EM radiation exposure in mobile communication systems and provides insights toward the design of future low-EM exposure mobile communication networks.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This paper reports work (partially) undertaken in the context of the project LEXNET. LEXNET is a project supported by the European Commission in the 7th Framework Programme (GA 318273). For further information, please visit www. lexnet-project.eu.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sambo, Dr Yusuf Abdulrahm and Imran, Professor Muhammad
Authors: Sambo, Y. A., Heliot, F., and Imran, M. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:1553-877X
ISSN (Online):1553-877X
Published Online:21 October 2014
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials 17(2): 790-802
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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