Assessment of acute mild hypoxia on retinal oxygen saturation using snapshot retinal oximetry

Choudhary, T. R., Ball, D., Fernandez Ramos, J., McNaught, A. I. and Harvey, A. R. (2013) Assessment of acute mild hypoxia on retinal oxygen saturation using snapshot retinal oximetry. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 54(12), pp. 7538-7543. (doi:10.1167/iovs.13-12624) (PMID:24159087)

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Abstract

Purpose.: To study the effect of acute mild hypoxia on retinal oxygen saturation. Methods.: Spectral retinal images were acquired under normoxic and hypoxic conditions for 10 healthy human volunteers (six male, four female, aged 25 ± 5 years [mean ± SD]) using a modified fundus camera fitted with an image-replicating imaging spectrometer (IRIS). Acute, mild hypoxia was induced by changing the oxygen saturation of inhaled air from 21% to 15% using a hypoxia generator with subjects breathing the hypoxic gas mixture for 10 minutes. Peripheral arterial oxygen saturation of the subjects was monitored using fingertip-pulse oximetry. Images were processed to calculate oxygen saturation, arteriovenous difference in oxygen saturation, and vessel diameter. Data are presented as mean ± SD and were analyzed using paired sample t-test with significance accepted at P < 0.05. Results.: The retinal arterial and venous oxygen saturation was 98.5% ± 1.6% and 70.7% ± 2.7% during normoxia. A reduction in the fraction of inspired oxygen resulted in a decline (P < 0.001) in both retinal-arterial and venous oxygen saturation to 90.3% ± 2.0% and 62.4% ± 2.2%, respectively. The arteriovenous oxygen saturation difference in normoxia (27.8% ± 2.9%) and hypoxia (27.9% ± 2.1%) did not change. Retinal arteriolar and venular diameters increased (P < 0.001) by 4% and 3%, respectively, under hypoxia. Conclusions.: The acute inhalation of a hypoxic gas mixture resulted in a decline in both retinal-arterial and venous saturation, while arteriovenous oxygen difference was maintained with an accompanying significant increase in retinal vessel diameter. This may suggest an autoregulatory response to acute mild hypoxia.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fernandez Ramos, Javier and Harvey, Professor Andy
Authors: Choudhary, T. R., Ball, D., Fernandez Ramos, J., McNaught, A. I., and Harvey, A. R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN:0146-0404
ISSN (Online):1552-5783
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc
First Published:First published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 54(12):7538-7543
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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