Weighted analysis of microarray gene expression using maximum-likelihood

Bakewell, D.J. and Wit, E. (2005) Weighted analysis of microarray gene expression using maximum-likelihood. Bioinformatics, 21, pp. 723-729. (doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/bti051)

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Motivation: The numerical values of gene expression measured using microarrays are usually presented to the biological end-user as summary statistics of spot pixel data, such as the spot mean, median and mode. Much of the subsequent data analysis reported in the literature, however, uses only one of these spot statistics. This results in sub-optimal estimates of gene expression levels and a need for improvement in quantitative spot variation surveillance. Results: This paper develops a maximum-likelihood method for estimating gene expression using spot mean, variance and pixel number values available from typical microarray scanners. It employs a hierarchical model of variation between and within microarray spots. The hierarchical maximum-likelihood estimate (MLE) is shown to be a more efficient estimator of the mean than the ‘conventional’ estimate using solely the spot mean values (i.e. without spot variance data). Furthermore, under the assumptions of our model, the spot mean and spot variance are shown to be sufficient statistics that do not require the use of all pixel data. The hierarchical MLE method is applied to data from both Monte Carlo (MC) simulations and a two-channel dye-swapped spotted microarray experiment. The MC simulations show that the hierarchical MLE method leads to improved detection of differential gene expression particularly when ‘outlier’ spots are present on the arrays. Compared with the conventional method, the MLE method applied to data from the microarray experiment leads to an increase in the number of differentially expressed genes detected for low cut-off P-values of interest.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bakewell, Dr David
Authors: Bakewell, D.J., and Wit, E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Bioinformatics
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1367-4803

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