Emerging roles for extracellular vesicles in parasitic infections

Marti, M. and Johnson, P. J. (2016) Emerging roles for extracellular vesicles in parasitic infections. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 32, pp. 66-70. (doi:10.1016/j.mib.2016.04.008) (PMID:27208506)

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Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released by cells and contain a complex mixture of proteins, genetic information and lipids. EVs mediate cell:cell communication by transferring their molecular cargo between cells. EVs, initially discovered in mammalian systems, have been demonstrated to play critical role in immunology and cancer biology. More recently, EVs have been identified in a broad range of both unicellular and multicellular parasites. In this review we focus on the emerging roles for EVs in parasitic infections. Parasite-derived EVs can transfer virulence factors and drug-resistance markers, modify host cell gene expression and promote parasite adherence and host cell proliferation. EVs can also suppress or stimulate host immune responses. Thus, EVs are likely important in determining the outcome of parasitic infections.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Marti, Professor Matthias
Authors: Marti, M., and Johnson, P. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Current Opinion in Microbiology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1369-5274
ISSN (Online):1879-0364
Published Online:18 May 2016

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