Friction of carbon fibre tows

Mulvihill, D. M. , Smerdova, O. and Sutcliffe, M. P.F. (2017) Friction of carbon fibre tows. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 93, pp. 185-198. (doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.08.034)

[img]
Preview
Text
134897.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

2MB

Abstract

The fundamental frictional behaviour of carbon fibre tows relevant to composite fabric forming is explored. Tow-on-tool and tow-on-tow contact are considered. For tow-on-tool contact, an experiment is devised to simultaneously observe the true filament contact length and measure the friction force over a range of normal loads. Filament contact length is not constant, as would be given from an idealised assumption of parallel touching filaments, but increases in a characteristic manner with normal load. Friction force follows a power law variation with normal load with exponent in the range 0.7–1. Accounting for the evolving contact length in a Hertzian calculation of the real contact area produces a contact area versus load variation which differs only by a constant factor from the measured friction force curves. Thus, the results agree with a ‘constant interface strength’ model of friction. Tow orientation and sizing are found to have a significant effect on friction by altering the real contact area.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the assistance of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for supporting the present work under grant Ref. EP/K032798/1 (Friction in Composites Forming). We would also like to acknowledge the contribution of our industrial collaborators at Jaguar Land Rover and Granta Design Ltd, as well as our academic partners from the Composites Research Group at the University of Nottingham (Dr Endruweit and Profs. Long, Warrior and De Focatiis). Hexcel UK are thanked for supplying the tow material. The detailed data relating to this paper can be accessed at the following Cambridge Data Repository: http://dx.doi.org/10.17863/CAM.1671.
Keywords:friction, contact area, carbon fibre, tows, tow-tow, tow-tool, sizing, microscopy, composite forming, fabric, textiles.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mulvihill, Dr Daniel
Authors: Mulvihill, D. M., Smerdova, O., and Sutcliffe, M. P.F.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1359-835X
ISSN (Online):1878-5840
Published Online:15 September 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 93:185-198
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a creative commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record