Mesenteric-based surgery exploits gastrointestinal, peritoneal, mesenteric and fascial continuity from duodenojejunal flexure to the anorectal junction - a review

Coffey, J. C., Dillon, M., Sehgal, R., Dockery, P., Quondamatteo, F., Walsh, D. and Walsh, L. (2015) Mesenteric-based surgery exploits gastrointestinal, peritoneal, mesenteric and fascial continuity from duodenojejunal flexure to the anorectal junction - a review. Digestive Surgery, 32(4), pp. 291-300. (doi:10.1159/000431365) (PMID:26138509)

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: It is now well established that mesenteric-based colorectal surgery is associated with superior outcomes. Recent anatomic observations have demonstrated that the mesenteric organ is contiguous from the duodenojejunal to the anorectal junction. This led to similar observations in relation to associated peritoneum and fascia. The aim of this review was to demonstrate the relevance of the contiguity principle to resectional colorectal surgery. METHODS: All literature in relation to mesenteric anatomy was reviewed from 1873 to the present, without language restriction. RESULTS: Mesenteric-based surgery (i.e. complete mesocolic excision, total mesocolic and mesorectal excision) requires division of the peritoneal reflection (i.e. peritonotomy), and mesenteric mobilisation in the mesofascial plane. These are the fundamental technical elements of mesenterectomy. Mesenteric, peritoneal and fascial contiguity mean that in resectional surgery, these technical elements can be reproducibly applied at all levels from the origin at the superior mesenteric root, to the anorectal junction. CONCLUSIONS: The goals of complete mesocolic, total mesocolic and mesorectal excision can be universally achieved at any level from duodenojejunal flexure to anorectal junction, by adopting technical elements based on mesenteric, peritoneal and fascial contiguity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quondamatteo, Professor Fabio and Dockery, Prof Peter
Authors: Coffey, J. C., Dillon, M., Sehgal, R., Dockery, P., Quondamatteo, F., Walsh, D., and Walsh, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Digestive Surgery
ISSN:0253-4886
ISSN (Online):1421-9883
Published Online:27 June 2015

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