Effect of solar drying on the composition of essential oil of Sacha culantro (Eryngium foetidum L.) grown in the Peruvian Amazon

Banout, J., Havlik, J. , Kulik, M., Kloucek, P., Lojka, B. and Valterova, I. (2010) Effect of solar drying on the composition of essential oil of Sacha culantro (Eryngium foetidum L.) grown in the Peruvian Amazon. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 33(1), pp. 83-103. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4530.2008.00261.x)

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Abstract

Two solar drying methods (direct cabinet solar dryer and indirect cabinet solar dryer) were tested under tropical conditions for drying aerial parts of sacha culantro (Eryngium foetidum L.) in Pucallpa City (Peruvian Amazon). The drying behavior was monitored during all experimental runs. Dried samples and fresh leaves were hydrodistilled and isolated oils were analyzed using gas chromatography with flame ionization detector and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. (E)-2-dodecenal was determined as the main constituent of the sacha culantro essential oil, averaging 61.8–62.2%, followed by n-dodecanal (10.9–15.5%), (E)-2-tetradecenal (6.7–7.6%) and 1-tetradecene (3.6–5.7%). When comparing both solar drying methods, the indirect method was found as more suitable for drying E. foetidum since the dried product resembled the fresh herb more closely in its chemicalcomposition and had better appearance. However, a better drying efficiency of 10.3% was achieved when drying in the direct solar dryer compared with 5.8% for the indirect solar dryer.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Havlik, Dr Jaroslav
Authors: Banout, J., Havlik, J., Kulik, M., Kloucek, P., Lojka, B., and Valterova, I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Food Process Engineering
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0145-8876
ISSN (Online):1745-4530
Published Online:11 February 2009

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