A study of Attachment Disorders of young offenders attending specialist services

Moran, K., McDonald, J., Jackson, A., Turnbull, S. and Minnis, H. (2017) A study of Attachment Disorders of young offenders attending specialist services. Child Abuse and Neglect, 65, pp. 77-87. (doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.01.009) (PMID:28126657)

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Abstract

Attachment disorders, specifically Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are disorders associated with neglect and abuse in which people have significant difficulties relating to others. This study aims to explore Attachment Disorder symptoms and diagnoses in young offenders and factors that may be associated with them such as mental health problems. A cross-sectional design was used with 29 young people who were known to Intensive Services, aged 12–17 (M = 16.2, SD = 1.3), 29 carers and 20 teachers. They completed measures investigating symptoms of Attachment Disorders and psychopathology. Eighty-six percent of the young people had experienced some form of maltreatment and the rates of an actual or borderline Attachment Disorder was 52%. A positive correlation between Attachment Disorder symptoms and other mental health problems (as rated by carer-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties Score), accounting for 36% of the variance was found, with a large effect size (rs = 0.60). Attachment Disorder symptoms were associated with hyperactivity and peer relationship problems.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was partly funded by NHS Education Scotland.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen and Jackson, Dr Alison and Turnbull, Dr Susan and Moran, Dr Kate
Authors: Moran, K., McDonald, J., Jackson, A., Turnbull, S., and Minnis, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Child Abuse and Neglect
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0145-2134
ISSN (Online):1873-7757
Published Online:23 January 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Child Abuse and Neglect 65:77-87
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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