Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799

Rapport, M. (2000) Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198208457

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In 1789 the French Revolution opened with a cosmopolitan flourish and progressive observers across the world hailed a new era of international fraternity, based on a new kind of politics. Foreigners were welcomed to France, to enrich the regenerated nation and to become citizens. By the Terror of 1793-94, however, this universalist promise had all but died. Some foreigners in France were guillotined, hundreds of others were jailed, expelled, watched closely and were obliged to carry special identity cards. How and why foreigners were squeezed out of French social and political life- and to what extent- is the subject of this book. Besides such issues as citizenship, nationality, passports and surveillance, this study considers the experience of specific types of foreigners, like those who served in the French army; in the clergy; foreign radicals or patriots; and those who contributed to French economic life. The dramatic transformation in the fortunes of foreigners during the revolution reveals much about the origins of modern concepts of nationality and citizenship and the development of national identities. In defining the limit of the nation, the revolutionaries and foreigners alike faced difficulties which have particular resonance today.

Item Type:Books
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rapport, Dr Michael
Authors: Rapport, M.
Subjects:D History General and Old World > DC France
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Publisher:Oxford University Press

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