Iron deficiency defined as depleted iron stores accompanied by unmet cellular iron requirements identifies patients at the highest risk of death after an episode of acute heart failure

Jankowska, E. A. et al. (2014) Iron deficiency defined as depleted iron stores accompanied by unmet cellular iron requirements identifies patients at the highest risk of death after an episode of acute heart failure. European Heart Journal, 35(36), pp. 2468-2476. (doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehu235) (PMID:24927731)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Aim: Acute heart failure (AHF) critically deranges haemodynamic and metabolic homoeostasis. Iron is a key micronutrient for homoeostasis maintenance. We hypothesized that iron deficiency (ID) defined as depleted iron stores accompanied by unmet cellular iron requirements would in this setting predict the poor outcome. Methods and results: Among 165 AHF patients (age 65 ± 12 years, 81% men, 31% de novo HF), for ID diagnosis we prospectively applied: low serum hepcidin reflecting depleted iron stores (<14.5 ng/mL, the 5th percentile in healthy peers), and high-serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) reflecting unmet cellular iron requirements (≥1.59 mg/L, the 95th percentile in healthy peers). Concomitance of low hepcidin and high sTfR (the most profound ID) was found in 37%, isolated either high sTfR or low hepcidin was found in 29 and 9% of patients, and 25% of subjects demonstrated preserved iron status. Patients with low hepcidin and high sTfR had peripheral oedema, high NT-proBNP, high uric acid, low haemoglobin (P < 0.05), and 5% in-hospital mortality (0% in remaining patients). During the 12-month follow-up, 33 (20%) patients died. Those with low hepcidin and high sTfR had the highest 12-month mortality [(41% (95% CI: 29–53%)] when compared with those with isolated high sTfR [15% (5–25%)], isolated low hepcidin [7% (0–19%)] and preserved iron status (0%) (P < 0.001). Analogous mortality patterns were seen separately in anaemics and non-anaemics. Conclusion: Iron deficiency defined as depleted body iron stores and unmet cellular iron requirements is common in AHF, and identifies those with the poor outcome. Its correction may be an attractive therapeutic approach.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work has been supported by a grant from National Centre of Science (Poland) no NN 519 654340//6543/B/T02/2011/40.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Jankowska, E. A., Kasztura, M., Sokolski, M., Bronisz, M., Nawrocka, S., Oleśkowska-Florek, W., Zymliński, R., Biegus, J., Siwołowski, P., Banasiak, W., Anker, S. D., Filippatos, G., Cleland, J. G.F., and Ponikowski, P.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Heart Journal
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
ISSN (Online):1522-9645
Published Online:13 June 2014

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record