Asymptotic equivalence between Cournot–Nash and Walras equilibria in exchange economies with atoms and an atomless part

Busetto, F., Codognato, G., and Ghosal, S. (2017) Asymptotic equivalence between Cournot–Nash and Walras equilibria in exchange economies with atoms and an atomless part. International Journal of Game Theory, (doi:10.1007/s00182-017-0566-x) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

In this paper, we consider an exchange economy à la Shitovitz (Econometrica 41:467–501, 1973), with atoms and an atomless set. We associate with it a strategic market game of the kind first proposed by Lloyd S. Shapley, known as the Shapley window model. We analyze the relationship between the set of the Cournot–Nash allocations of the strategic market game and the Walras allocations of the exchange economy with which it is associated. We show, with an example, that even when atoms are countably infinite, any Cournot–Nash allocation of the game is not a Walras allocation of the underlying exchange economy. Accordingly, in the original spirit of Cournot (Recherches sur les principes mathématiques de la théorie des richesses. Hachette, Paris, 1838), we partially replicate the mixed exchange economy by increasing the number of atoms, without affecting the atomless part, and ensuring that the measure space of agents remains finite. Our main theorem shows that any sequence of Cournot–Nash allocations of the strategic market games associated with the partial replications of the exchange economy has a limit point for each trader and that the assignment determined by these limit points is a Walrasian allocation of the original economy.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ghosal, Professor Sayantan
Authors: Busetto, F., Codognato, G., and Ghosal, S.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:International Journal of Game Theory
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0020-7276
ISSN (Online):1432-1270
Published Online:18 January 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Springer
First Published:First published in International Journal of Game Theory 2017
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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