Expert consensus document: mitochondrial function as a therapeutic target in heart failure

Brown, D. A. et al. (2017) Expert consensus document: mitochondrial function as a therapeutic target in heart failure. Nature Reviews Cardiology, 14, pp. 238-250. (doi: 10.1038/nrcardio.2016.203) (PMID:28004807)

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Heart failure is a pressing worldwide public-health problem with millions of patients having worsening heart failure. Despite all the available therapies, the condition carries a very poor prognosis. Existing therapies provide symptomatic and clinical benefit, but do not fully address molecular abnormalities that occur in cardiomyocytes. This shortcoming is particularly important given that most patients with heart failure have viable dysfunctional myocardium, in which an improvement or normalization of function might be possible. Although the pathophysiology of heart failure is complex, mitochondrial dysfunction seems to be an important target for therapy to improve cardiac function directly. Mitochondrial abnormalities include impaired mitochondrial electron transport chain activity, increased formation of reactive oxygen species, shifted metabolic substrate utilization, aberrant mitochondrial dynamics, and altered ion homeostasis. In this Consensus Statement, insights into the mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction in heart failure are presented, along with an overview of emerging treatments with the potential to improve the function of the failing heart by targeting mitochondria.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:D.A.B. has received research grants from the NIH (NHLBI R01 HL123647 and R15 HL122922) and Stealth BioTherapeutics. B.L.S. is supported by research grants from the NIH (NIA R01 AG049762, NHLBI R01 HL131458, R01HL126928, and R01HL107715) and Stealth BioTherapeutics. S.R.S. is supported by grants from the NIH (R01 HL123647, R15 HL122922, and R01 AT008375). J.B.has received research support from the NIH and the European Union. A.A.V. is supported by a grant from the European Commission (FP7-242209-BIOSTAT-CHF).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Brown, D. A., Perry, J. B., Allen, M. E., Sabbah, H. N., Stauffer, B. L., Shaikh, S. R., Cleland, J. G.F., Colucci, W. S.,, Butler, J., Voors, A. A., Anker, S. D., Pitt, B., Pieske, B., Filippatos, G., Greene, S. J., and Gheorghiade, M.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:Nature Reviews Cardiology
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1759-5010
Published Online:22 December 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited
First Published:First published in Nature Reviews Cardiology 14
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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