Liquid cooling of non-uniform heat flux of a chip circuit by subchannels

Al-Waaly, A. A.Y., Paul, M. C. and Dobson, P. (2017) Liquid cooling of non-uniform heat flux of a chip circuit by subchannels. Applied Thermal Engineering, 115, pp. 558-574. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.12.061)

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Abstract

Experimental and numerical analyses have been carried out to study the effect of using subchannels in a liquid cooled heat sink for minimising the effect of hotspots generated on a chip or circuit. Two heat sinks – with and without subchannels – were fabricated in order to investigate this effect. The first device was manufactured with normal parallel channels while the second was designed to extract more heat by dividing the main channels above the hotspot into two subchannels. The inlet and outlet manifolds were designed with two inlet ports to minimise any potential mal-distribution of mass flow rate through the channels. Three thermocouples were attached to the bottom surface of the inlet manifold and another three attached to the outlet manifold to record surface temperature. Five different mass flow rates were generated under gravity by changing water container height. The results show that adding subchannels improves the uniformity of temperature distribution and reduces the maximum temperature. Moreover, at the same pressure head 79 cm the thermal resistance is reduced 20% whereas the pumping power is increased by 11%.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Dr Manosh and Dobson, Dr Phil
Authors: Al-Waaly, A. A.Y., Paul, M. C., and Dobson, P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Applied Thermal Engineering
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1359-4311
ISSN (Online):1359-4311
Published Online:26 December 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Applied Thermal Engineering 115:558-574
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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