The role of physical and mental health multimorbidity in suicidal ideation

Kavalidou, K. , Smith, D. and O'Connor, R. (2017) The role of physical and mental health multimorbidity in suicidal ideation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 209, pp. 80-85. (doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.026) (PMID:27888724)

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Background: Previous research has focused on the separate roles of mental illness and physical health conditions in suicide risk, with relatively few studies investigating the importance of physical and psychiatric disorder co-occurrence. We aimed to investigate whether suicidal ideation might be influenced by physical and mental ill-health multimorbidity. Methods: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of England were analysed. Participants who responded to the suicidal thoughts question were grouped into four distinct categories based on their health conditions (Common mental disorders (CMD) only, physical health conditions only, CMD/physical health multimorbidity and a control group with neither physical nor mental health conditions). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted and odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs are presented. Results: In the fully adjusted model, both the multimorbidity and CMD-only groups were associated with higher levels of suicidal ideation relative to the control group. Limitations: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data. Conclusions: Although multimorbidity was associated with suicidal thoughts, it does not appear to elevate risk beyond the independent effects of common mental disorders or physical health problems. Primary care and mental health clinicians should consider assessment of suicide ideation among patients with multimorbid physical/mental health conditions.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The current study was funded, in part, by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smith, Professor Daniel and O'Connor, Professor Rory and Kavalidou, Aikaterini
Authors: Kavalidou, K., Smith, D., and O'Connor, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Affective Disorders
Published Online:19 November 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Journal of Affective Disorders 209: 80-85
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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