Novel electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

Batchvarov, V. N., Bastiaenen, R., Postema, P. G., Clark, E., Macfarlane, P., Wilde, A. A.M. and Behr, E. R. (2016) Novel electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Europace, 18(9), pp. 1420-1426. (doi:10.1093/europace/euv379) (PMID:26622053)

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Abstract

Aims: In order to improve the electrocardiographic (ECG) diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), we evaluated novel quantitative parameters of the QRS complex and the value of bipolar chest leads (CF leads) computed from the standard 12 leads. Methods and results: We analysed digital 12-lead ECGs in 44 patients with ARVC, 276 healthy subjects including 44 age and sex-matched with the patients and 36 genotyped members of ARVC families. The length and area of the terminal S wave in V1 to V3 were measured automatically using a common for all 12 leads QRS end. T wave negativity was assessed in V1 to V6 and in the bipolar CF leads computed from the standard 12 leads. The length and area of the terminal S wave were significantly shorter, whereas the S wave duration was significantly longer in ARVC patients compared with matched controls. Among members of ARVC families, those with mutations (n = 15) had shorter QRS length in V2 and V3 and smaller QRS area in lead V2 compared with those without mutations (n = 20). In ARVC patients, the CF leads were diagnostically superior to the standard unipolar precordial leads. Terminal S wave duration in V1 >48 ms or major T wave negativity in CF leads separated ARVC patients from matched controls with 90% sensitivity and 86% specificity. Conclusion: The terminal S wave length and area in the right precordial leads are diagnostically useful and suitable for automatic analysis in ARVC. The CF leads are diagnostically superior to the unipolar precordial leads.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macfarlane, Professor Peter and Clark, Mrs Elaine
Authors: Batchvarov, V. N., Bastiaenen, R., Postema, P. G., Clark, E., Macfarlane, P., Wilde, A. A.M., and Behr, E. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:Europace
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1099-5129
ISSN (Online):1532-2092
Published Online:29 November 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Oxford University Press
First Published:First published in Europace 18(9):1420-1426
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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