Noncommutative deformations and flops

Donovan, W. and Wemyss, M. (2016) Noncommutative deformations and flops. Duke Mathematical Journal, 165(8), pp. 1397-1474. (doi:10.1215/00127094-3449887)

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Abstract

We prove that the functor of noncommutative deformations of every flipping or flopping irreducible rational curve in a 33-fold is representable, and hence, we associate to every such curve a noncommutative deformation algebra AconAcon. This new invariant extends and unifies known invariants for flopping curves in 33-folds, such as the width of Reid and the bidegree of the normal bundle. It also applies in the settings of flips and singular schemes. We show that the noncommutative deformation algebra AconAcon is finite-dimensional, and give a new way of obtaining the commutative deformations of the curve, allowing us to make explicit calculations of these deformations for certain (−3,1)(−3,1)-curves. We then show how our new invariant AconAcon also controls the homological algebra of flops. For any flopping curve in a projective 33-fold with only Gorenstein terminal singularities, we construct an autoequivalence of the derived category of the 33-fold by twisting around a universal family over the noncommutative deformation algebra AconAcon, and prove that this autoequivalence is an inverse of Bridgeland’s flop-flop functor. This demonstrates that it is strictly necessary to consider noncommutative deformations of curves in order to understand the derived autoequivalences of a 33-fold and, thus, the Bridgeland stability manifold.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wemyss, Professor Michael
Authors: Donovan, W., and Wemyss, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:Duke Mathematical Journal
Publisher:Duke University Press
ISSN:0012-7094
ISSN (Online):1547-7398
Published Online:23 March 2016

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