Two essential light chains regulate the MyoA lever arm to promote Toxoplasma gliding motility

Williams, M. J., Alonso, H., Enciso, M., Egarter, S., Sheiner, L. , Meissner, M. , Striepen, B., Smith, B. J. and Tonkin, C. J. (2015) Two essential light chains regulate the MyoA lever arm to promote Toxoplasma gliding motility. mBio, 6(5), e00845-15. (doi:10.1128/mBio.00845-15) (PMID:26374117) (PMCID:PMC4600101)

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Abstract

Key to the virulence of apicomplexan parasites is their ability to move through tissue and to invade and egress from host cells. Apicomplexan motility requires the activity of the glideosome, a multicomponent molecular motor composed of a type XIV myosin, MyoA. Here we identify a novel glideosome component, essential light chain 2 (ELC2), and functionally characterize the two essential light chains (ELC1 and ELC2) of MyoA in Toxoplasma. We show that these proteins are functionally redundant but are important for invasion, egress, and motility. Molecular simulations of the MyoA lever arm identify a role for Ca2+ in promoting intermolecular contacts between the ELCs and the adjacent MLC1 light chain to stabilize this domain. Using point mutations predicted to ablate either the interaction with Ca2+ or the interface between the two light chains, we demonstrate their contribution to the quality, displacement, and speed of gliding Toxoplasma parasites. Our work therefore delineates the importance of the MyoA lever arm and highlights a mechanism by which this domain could be stabilized in order to promote invasion, egress, and gliding motility in apicomplexan parasites.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Meissner, Professor Markus and Sheiner, Dr Lilach and Egarter, Ms Saskia
Authors: Williams, M. J., Alonso, H., Enciso, M., Egarter, S., Sheiner, L., Meissner, M., Striepen, B., Smith, B. J., and Tonkin, C. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:mBio
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:2150-7511
ISSN (Online):2150-7511
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Williams et al
First Published:First published in mBio 6(5):e00845-15
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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