Fit with good fat? The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on exercise performance

Da Boit, M., Hunter, A. M. and Gray, S. M. (2017) Fit with good fat? The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on exercise performance. Metabolism, 66, pp. 45-54. (doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2016.10.007)

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Abstract

N-3 PUFA (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are a family of fatty acids mainly found in oily fish and fish oil supplements. The effects of n-3 PUFA on health are mainly derived from its anti-inflammatory proprieties and its influence on immune function. Lately an increased interest in n-3 PUFA supplementation has reached the world of sport nutrition, where the majority of athletes rely on nutrition strategies to improve their training and performance. A vast amount of attention is paid in increasing metabolic capacity, delaying the onset of fatigue, and improving muscle hypertrophy and neuromuscular function. Nutritional strategies are also frequently considered for enhancing recovery, improving immune function and decreasing oxidative stress. The current review of the literature shows that data regarding the effects of n-3PUFA supplementation are conflicting and we conclude that there is, therefore, not enough evidence supporting a beneficial role on the aforementioned aspects of exercise performance.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:BB/J015911/1 awarded to author whilst at Aberdeen
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Stuart
Authors: Da Boit, M., Hunter, A. M., and Gray, S. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Metabolism
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0026-0495
ISSN (Online):1532-8600
Published Online:26 October 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Metabolism 2016
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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