Brief report: predicting functional disability: one-year results from the Scottish Early Rheumatoid Arthritis inception cohort

Kronisch, C. et al. (2016) Brief report: predicting functional disability: one-year results from the Scottish Early Rheumatoid Arthritis inception cohort. Arthritis and Rheumatology, 68(7), pp. 1596-1602. (doi:10.1002/art.39627) (PMID:26866516)

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Abstract

Objective: To identify baseline prognostic indicators of disability at 1 year within a contemporary early inflammatory arthritis inception cohort and then develop a clinically useful tool to support early patient education and decision-making. Methods: The Scottish Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (SERA) inception cohort is a multicenter, prospective study of patients with newly presenting RA or undifferentiated arthritis. SERA data were analyzed to determine baseline predictors of disability (defined as a Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ] score of ≥1) at 1 year. Clinical and psychosocial baseline exposures were entered into a forward stepwise logistic regression model. The model was externally validated using newly accrued SERA data and subsequently converted into a prediction tool. Results Of the 578 participants (64.5% female), 36.7% (n = 212) reported functional disability at 1 year. Functional disability was independently predicted by baseline disability (odds ratio [OR] 2.67 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.98, 3.59]), depression (OR 2.52 [95% CI 1.18, 5.37]), anxiety (OR 2.37 [95% CI 1.33, 4.21]), being in paid employment with absenteeism during the last week (OR 1.19 [95% CI 0.63, 2.23]), not being in paid employment (OR 2.36 [95% CI 1.38, 4.03]), and being overweight (OR 1.61 [95% CI 1.04, 2.50]). External validation (using 113 newly acquired patients) evidenced good discriminative performance with a C statistic of 0.74, and the calibration slope showed no evidence of model overfit (P = 0.31). Conclusion: In the context of modern early inflammatory arthritis treatment paradigms, predictors of disability at 1 year appear to be dominated by psychosocial rather than more traditional clinical measures. This indicates the potential benefit of early access to nonpharmacologic interventions targeting key psychosocial factors, such as mental health and work disability.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Iain and Saunders, Dr Sarah and Munro, Dr Robin and Paterson, Miss Caron and Dale, Dr James and Reid, Professor David and Siebert, Dr Stefan and Porter, Dr Duncan and Wilson, Dr Hilary
Authors: Kronisch, C., McLernon, D. J., Dale, J., Paterson, C., Ralston, S. H., Reid, D. M., Tierney, A., Harvie, J., McKay, N., Wilson, H. E., Munro, R., Saunders, S., Richmond, R., Baxter, D., McMahon, M., Kumar, V., McLaren, J., Siebert, S., McInnes, I. B., Porter, D., Macfarlane, G. J., and Basu, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Arthritis and Rheumatology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2326-5191
ISSN (Online):2326-5205
Published Online:11 February 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 American College of Rheumatology
First Published:First published in Arthritis and Rheumatology 68(7):1596-1602
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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