Growth hormone deficiency during young adulthood and the benefits of growth hormone replacement

Ahmid, M., Perry, C.G., Ahmed, S.F. and Shaikh, M.G. (2016) Growth hormone deficiency during young adulthood and the benefits of growth hormone replacement. Endocrine Connections, 5(3), R1-R11. (doi: 10.1530/ec-16-0024) (PMID:27129699) (PMCID:PMC5002964)

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Until quite recently, the management of children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) had focussed on the use of recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy to normalise final adult height. However, research over the past two decades that has demonstrated deficits in bone health and cardiac function, as well as impaired quality of life in adults with childhood-onset GHD (CO-GHD), has questioned this practice. Some of these studies suggested that there may be short-term benefits of rhGH in certain group of adolescents with GHD during transition, although the impact of GHD and replacement during the transition period has not been adequately investigated and its long-term benefits remain unclear. GH therapy remains expensive and well-designed long-term studies are needed to determine the cost effectiveness and clinical benefit of ongoing rhGH during transition and further into adulthood. In the absence of compelling data to justify widespread continuation of rhGH into adult life, there are several questions related to its use that remain unanswered. This paper reviews the effects of growth hormone deficiency on bone health, cardiovascular function, metabolic profile and quality of life during transition and young adulthood.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Perry, Dr Colin and Shaikh, Dr Mohammed Guftar and Ahmed, Professor Syed Faisal
Authors: Ahmid, M., Perry, C.G., Ahmed, S.F., and Shaikh, M.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Endocrine Connections
Publisher:Bio Scientifica
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Endocrine Connections 5(3): R1-R11
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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