Trypanosoma cruzi contains two galactokinases; molecular and biochemical characterization

Lobo-Rojas, Á. E., González-Marcano, E. B., Valera-Vera, E. A., Acosta, H. R., Quiñones, W. A., Burchmore, R. J.S., Concepción, J. L. and Cáceres, A. J. (2016) Trypanosoma cruzi contains two galactokinases; molecular and biochemical characterization. Parasitology International, 65(5 Pt A), pp. 472-482. (doi:10.1016/j.parint.2016.06.008) (PMID:27312997)

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Abstract

Two different putative galactokinase genes, found in the genome database of Trypanosoma cruzi were cloned and sequenced. Expression of the genes in Escherichia coli resulted for TcGALK-1 in the synthesis of a soluble and active enzyme, and in the case of TcGALK-2 gene a less soluble protein, with predicted molecular masses of 51.9 kDa and 51.3 kDa, respectively. The Km values determined for the recombinant proteins were for galactose 0.108 mM (TcGALK-1) and 0.091 mM (TcGALK-2) and for ATP 0.36 mM (TcGALK-1) and 0.1 mM (TcGALK-2). Substrate inhibition by ATP (Ki 0.414 mM) was only observed for TcGALK-2. Gel-filtration chromatography showed that natural TcGALKs and recombinant TcGALK-1 are monomeric. In agreement with the possession of a type-1 peroxisome-targeting signal by both TcGALKs, they were found to be present inside glycosomes using two different methods of subcellular fractionation in conjunction with mass spectrometry. Both genes are expressed in epimastigote and trypomastigote stages since the respective proteins were immunodetected by western blotting. The T. cruzi galactokinases present their highest (52–47%) sequence identity with their counterpart from Leishmania spp., followed by prokaryotic galactokinases such as those from E. coli and Lactococcus lactis (26–23%). In a phylogenetic analysis, the trypanosomatid galactokinases form a separate cluster, showing an affiliation with bacteria. Epimastigotes of T. cruzi can grow in glucose-depleted LIT-medium supplemented with 20 mM of galactose, suggesting that this hexose, upon phosphorylation by a TcGALK, could be used in the synthesis of UDP-galactose and also as a possible carbon and energy source.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was supported by projects CDCHT-ULA N°C-1829- 13-03-B and Misión Ciencia N°2007001425.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Burchmore, Dr Richard
Authors: Lobo-Rojas, Á. E., González-Marcano, E. B., Valera-Vera, E. A., Acosta, H. R., Quiñones, W. A., Burchmore, R. J.S., Concepción, J. L., and Cáceres, A. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Parasitology International
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1383-5769
Published Online:14 June 2016

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