Implications of phosphor coating on the thermal characteristics of phosphor-converted white LEDs

Law, T.K., Lim, F. , Li, Y. , Yeong, K.K. G., Sng, G.K. E., Uvarajan, M.V. and Teo, J.W. R. (2016) Implications of phosphor coating on the thermal characteristics of phosphor-converted white LEDs. IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability, 16(4), pp. 576-582. (doi:10.1109/TDMR.2016.2605059)

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Abstract

The phosphor layer in phosphor-converted white Light Emitting Diodes (pcLEDs) affects their optical and thermal performances. This paper reports the effects of phosphor thickness and particle concentration on the optical efficiency and temperature rise on conformal phosphor-coated LED package. It is observed that a thicker phosphor layer and a higher phosphor particle concentration will increase the amount of backscattering and back reflection of light from the phosphor layer. These light extraction losses not only reduce the optical efficiency of the light output but also cause heat accumulation in the phosphor layer, leading to higher LED junction temperature. At 2700 K correlated colour temperature (CCT), the temperature rise is observed to increase by as much as 2.6 times as compared to its blue emitting LED package. However, the self-heating effect can be reduced through its die-bonding configuration. Structure function-based thermal evaluation shows heat accumulation in the phosphor layer and that flip-chip bonding can dissipate the heat generated in the GaN LED and phosphor layer effectively. Evidence in this study demonstrates that optical efficiency and thermal resistance of pcLEDs are dependent on the CCT ratings.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lim, Dr Fannon and Li, Professor Yun
Authors: Law, T.K., Lim, F., Li, Y., Yeong, K.K. G., Sng, G.K. E., Uvarajan, M.V., and Teo, J.W. R.
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:1530-4388
ISSN (Online):1558-2574
Published Online:31 August 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability 16(4):576-582
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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