Alcohol consumption

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 83-113. ISBN 9781786524614

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SUMMARY • Reported hazardous or harmful drinking for adults (based on revised guidelines of over 14 units per week for both men and women) declined significantly from 2003 (34%) to 2013 (25%) but has stayed at similar levels since (26% in 2015). • Similar patterns were seen for the proportion of adults drinking above three units (women) or four units (men) on their heaviest drinking day (41% in 2003, 36% in 2015) and drinking above six units (men) or eight units (women) (24% in 2003, 20% in 2015). • Non-drinking among adults has increased significantly from 11% in 2003 to 16% in 2013 and has remained at that level since. • The mean number of units per week among drinkers has declined from 16.1 units in 2003 to 12.2 units in 2013 and remained at a similar level in 2015 (12.9 units). • Mean unit consumption per week was around twice as high for male drinkers (17.2 units) than for female drinkers (8.7 units). • Hazardous or harmful levels of drinking were reported for 36% of men and 17% of women. • Drinking above the recommended maximum amount declined with agestandardised income for both men (46% in the highest income quintile to 25%- 26% in the bottom two quintiles) and women (equivalent figures as 24% and 11%). • Those aged 16-64 were more likely than those aged 65 and over both to drink above three units (women) or four units (men) on a single day (39-42% compared with 10-27%) and to drink above six units (women) or eight units (men) (18-28% compared with 2-10%). • Using AUDIT scores, in 2014/2015, 82% of adults drank at low risk levels or were abstinent, 15% drank at hazardous levels, 2% at harmful levels and 1% had possible alcohol dependency. • Prevalence of drinking at hazardous or harmful levels, or having a possible alcohol dependency, decreased with age from 35% of those aged 16-24 to 2% of those aged 75 and over.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Linsay and Leyland, Professor Alastair
Authors: Gray, L., and Leyland, A. H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Publisher:The Scottish Government Health Directorate

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
652561Scottish Health Survey 2012-15Alastair LeylandScottish Government (SCOT-EX)UNSPECIFIEDIHW - MRC/CSO SPHU