Microalbuminuria in subjects with hypertension attending specialist blood pressure clinics

Alharf, A.A., Cleland, S., Webster, J., McInnes, G.T. and Padmanabhan, S. (2016) Microalbuminuria in subjects with hypertension attending specialist blood pressure clinics. Journal of Human Hypertension, 30(9), pp. 527-533. (doi:10.1038/jhh.2015.116) (PMID:26674756)

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Abstract

Albuminuria is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and target organ damage in patients with diabetes mellitus. In nondiabetic hypertensive patients, the threshold at which microalbuminuria (MAU) increases risk is unclear and there is evidence that cardiovascular risk may be increased in individuals with MAU levels lower than the usual recommended screening thresholds. We compared two definitions of MAU (on the basis of three early morning urine samples) in a cohort of hypertensive patients attending two specialist clinics in Scotland: conventional (MAU(C)) albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) >2.5–25 mg mmol−1 in males or >3.5–25 mg mmol−1 in females; and low-grade (MAU(L)) ACR 1.2–2.5 in males or 1.7–3.5 mg mmol−1 in females. Of the 1059 subjects screened, 786 (74%) were nondiabetic, with estimated glomerular filtration rate 30 ml min−1 per 1.73 m2 and without gross proteinuria (low-risk subset). The average age was 58±15 years, body mass index 30±6 kg m−2 and 46% were males. The prevalence of MAU(C) was 11% and 9.5% in the overall and low-risk subset, respectively, whereas MAU(L) prevalence was 11.1% and 10% respectively. The prevalence of cardiovascular disease was higher (24%) with albuminuria (both MAU(C) and MAU(L)) compared with 14% among those without albuminuria. The use of MAU(L) doubled the number of hypertensive subjects with increased cardiovascular risk who can be targeted for more rigorous risk reduction strategies. Consideration should be given to reducing the current threshold for MAU.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Gordon and Padmanabhan, Professor Sandosh and Cleland, Dr Stephen
Authors: Alharf, A.A., Cleland, S., Webster, J., McInnes, G.T., and Padmanabhan, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Human Hypertension
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9240
ISSN (Online):1476-5527

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