Programmed cell death 6 interacting protein (PDCD6IP) and Rabenosyn-5 (ZFYVE20) are potential urinary biomarkers for upper gastrointestinal cancer

Husi, H., Skipworth, R. J.E., Cronshaw, A., Stephens, N. A., Wackerhage, H., Greig, C., Fearon, K. C.H. and Ross, J. A. (2015) Programmed cell death 6 interacting protein (PDCD6IP) and Rabenosyn-5 (ZFYVE20) are potential urinary biomarkers for upper gastrointestinal cancer. Proteomics Clinical Applications, 9(5-6), pp. 586-596. (doi:10.1002/prca.201400111) (PMID:25644331)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Cancer of the upper digestive tract (uGI) is a major contributor to cancer-related death worldwide. Due to a rise in occurrence, together with poor survival rates and a lack of diagnostic or prognostic clinical assays, there is a clear need to establish molecular biomarkers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Initial assessment was performed on urine samples from 60 control and 60 uGI cancer patients using MS to establish a peak pattern or fingerprint model, which was validated by a further set of 59 samples. RESULTS: We detected 86 cluster peaks by MS above frequency and detection thresholds. Statistical testing and model building resulted in a peak profiling model of five relevant peaks with 88% overall sensitivity and 91% specificity, and overall correctness of 90%. High-resolution MS of 40 samples in the 2-10 kDa range resulted in 646 identified proteins, and pattern matching identified four of the five model peaks within significant parameters, namely programmed cell death 6 interacting protein (PDCD6IP/Alix/AIP1), Rabenosyn-5 (ZFYVE20), protein S100A8, and protein S100A9, of which the first two were validated by Western blotting. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: We demonstrate that MS analysis of human urine can identify lead biomarker candidates in uGI cancers, which makes this technique potentially useful in defining and consolidating biomarker patterns for uGI cancer screening.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Additional Information:Funding of this work was provided by the University of Edinburgh.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Husi, Dr Holger
Authors: Husi, H., Skipworth, R. J.E., Cronshaw, A., Stephens, N. A., Wackerhage, H., Greig, C., Fearon, K. C.H., and Ross, J. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Proteomics Clinical Applications
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1862-8346
ISSN (Online):1862-8354
Published Online:30 January 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co.
First Published:First published in Proteomics Clinical Applications 9(5-6): 586-596
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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