Optical characterization of n=1.03 silica aerogel used as radiator in the RICH of HERMES

Aschenauer, E. et al. (2000) Optical characterization of n=1.03 silica aerogel used as radiator in the RICH of HERMES. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment, 440(2), pp. 338-347. (doi:10.1016/S0168-9002(99)00923-7)

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Abstract

The optical properties of silica aerogel tiles with a refractive index of 1.03 and dimensions Full-size image (<1 K), produced by the Matsushita Electric Works (Japan), have been measured in the wavelength range from 200 to 900 nm. The tiles are used as one of the two radiators of the ring imaging Cherenkov counter of the HERMES experiment at DESY-HERA. The transmittance of light has been measured on 200 tiles by means of a double beam spectrophotometer. The light transflectance and reflectance have been measured on one tile by means of a single-beam spectrophotometer and an integrating reflecting sphere. Typical values of the measured transmittances at a wavelength λ=400 nm are around 0.67. The measured transflectance increases almost linearly from 0.4 to 0.96 in the interval 200–300 nm, and remains nearly constant at the value 0.95 in the complementary λ-range. The measured reflectance, mostly confined below 400 nm, is completely interpretable as backscattering from inside the aerogel, revealing an absence of light reflection at the aerogel surfaces. The transmittance data have been fitted with the Hunt formula, whose parameters have been used to evaluate the number of unscattered and scattered Cherenkov photons produced by aerogel. For stacks of 5 tiles and quantum efficiencies of phototubes with bialkali photocathodes, rings with up to 19 photoelectrons/event can be expected for β=1 particles.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kaiser, Professor Ralf
Authors: Aschenauer, E., Bianchi, N., Capitani, G.P., Carter, P., Casalino, C., Cisbani, E., Coluzza, C., Leo, R.D., Sanctis, E.D., Schepper, D.D., Djordjadze, V., Filippone, B., Frullani, S., Garibaldi, F., Hansen, J.O., Hommez, B., Iodice, M., Jackson, H.E., Kaiser, R., Kanesaka, J., Lagamba, L., Muccifora, V., Nappi, E., Nowak, W.-D., O'Neill, T.G., Potterveld, D., Ryckbosch, D., Sakemi, Y., Sato, F., Schwind, A., Suetsugu, K., Shibata, T.-A., Thomas, E., Tytgat, M., Urciuoli, G.M., de Kerckhove, K. V., de Vyver, R. V., Yoneyama, S., and Zhang, L.F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:01689002
ISSN (Online):1872-9576

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