Modulation of feline immunodeficiency virus infection by stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1)

Hosie, M.J. , Broere, N., Hesselgesser, J., Turner, J.D., Hoxie, J.A., Neil, J.C. and Willett, B.J. (1998) Modulation of feline immunodeficiency virus infection by stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1). Journal of Virology, 72(3), pp. 2097-2104.

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The α-chemokine receptor CXCR4 has recently been shown to support syncytium formation mediated by strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) that have been selected for growth in the Crandell feline kidney cell line (CrFK-tropic virus). Given that both human and feline CXCR4 support syncytium formation mediated by FIV, we investigated whether human stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1) would inhibit infection with FIV. Human SDF-1α and SDF-1β bound with a high affinity (KD s of 12.0 and 10.4 nM, respectively) to human cells stably expressing feline CXCR4, and treatment of CrFK cells with human SDF-1α resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of infection by FIVPET. No inhibitory activity was detected when the interleukin-2 (IL-2)-dependent feline T-cell line Mya-1 was used in place of CrFK cells, suggesting the existence of a CXCR4-independent mechanism of infection. Furthermore, neither the human β-chemokines RANTES, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, and MCP-1 nor the α-chemokine IL-8 had an effect on infection of either CrFK or Mya-1 cells with CrFK-tropic virus. Envelope glycoprotein purified from CrFK-tropic virus competed specifically for binding of SDF-1α to feline CXCR4 and CXCR4 expression was reduced in FIV-infected cells, suggesting that the inhibitory activity of SDF-1α in CrFK cells may be the result of steric hindrance of the virus-receptor interaction following the interaction between SDF and CXCR4. Prolonged incubation of CrFK cells with SDF-1α led to an enhancement rather than an inhibition of infection. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that this effect may be due largely to up-regulation of CXCR4 expression by SDF-1α on CrFK cells, an effect mimicked by treatment of the cells with phorbol myristate acetate. The data suggest that infection of feline cells with FIV can be mediated by CXCR4 and that, depending on the assay conditions, infection can be either inhibited or enhanced by SDF-1α. Infection with FIV may therefore prove a valuable model in which to study the development of novel therapeutic interventions for the treatment of AIDS.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hosie, Professor Margaret and Willett, Professor Brian and Neil, Professor James
Authors: Hosie, M.J., Broere, N., Hesselgesser, J., Turner, J.D., Hoxie, J.A., Neil, J.C., and Willett, B.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology

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