The information of high-dimensional time-bin encoded photons

Brougham, T., Wildfeuer, C. F., Barnett, S. M. and Gauthier, D. J. (2016) The information of high-dimensional time-bin encoded photons. European Physical Journal D, 70(10), 214. (doi:10.1140/epjd/e2016-70357-4)

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Abstract

High-dimensional entanglement is an important physical resource for quantum communication. A basic issue for any communication scheme is how many shared bits two parties can extract subject to experimental noise. We determine the shared information that can be extracted from time-bin entangled photons using frame encoding. We consider photons generated by a general down-conversion source and also model losses, dark counts and the effects of multiple photons within each frame. Furthermore, we describe a procedure for including other imperfections such as after-pulsing, detector dead-times and jitter. The results are illustrated by deriving analytic expressions for the maximum information that can be extracted from high-dimensional time-bin entangled photons generated by down conversion. A key finding is that under realistic conditions and using standard SPAD detectors one can still choose the frame size so as to extract over 10 bits per photon. These results are thus useful for experiments on high-dimensional quantum-key distribution systems, but are not limited to such systems. For example, the results are also useful for determining the limits of fibre arrays or within time-multiplexing schemes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barnett, Professor Stephen and Brougham, Dr Thomas
Authors: Brougham, T., Wildfeuer, C. F., Barnett, S. M., and Gauthier, D. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:European Physical Journal D
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1434-6060
ISSN (Online):1434-6079
Published Online:20 October 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Physical Journal D 70(10):214
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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