Gambling harm and crime careers

May-Chahal, C., Humphreys, L., Clifton, A., Francis, B. and Reith, G. (2017) Gambling harm and crime careers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 33(1), pp. 65-84. (doi:10.1007/s10899-016-9612-z) (PMID:27116232) (PMCID:PMC5323489)

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Abstract

Incarcerated populations across the world have been found to be consistently and significantly more vulnerable to problem gambling than general populations in the same countries. In an effort to gain a more specific understanding of this vulnerability the present study applied latent class analysis and criminal career theory to gambling data collected from a sample of English and Scottish, male and female prisoners (N = 1057). Theoretical links between gambling and crime were tested through three hypotheses: (1) that prisoners in the UK would have higher rates of problem gambling behaviour than the national population; (2) that if the link between gambling and crime is coincidental, gambling behaviour would be highly prevalent in an offending population, and (3) if connections between gambling behaviour and offending are co-symptomatic a mediating factor would show a strong association. The first of these was supported, the second was not supported and the third was partially supported. Latent class analysis found six gambling behaviour clusters measured by responses to the Problem Gambling Severity Index, primarily distinguished by loss chasing behaviour. Longitudinal offending data drawn from the Police National Computer database found four criminal career types, distinguished by frequency and persistence over time. A significant association was found between higher level loss chasing and high rate offending in criminal careers suggesting that impulse control may be a mediating factor for both gambling harm and criminal careers.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Reith, Professor Gerda
Authors: May-Chahal, C., Humphreys, L., Clifton, A., Francis, B., and Reith, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Gambling Studies
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:1050-5350
ISSN (Online):1573-3602
Published Online:26 April 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Gambling Studies 33(1): 65-84
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
515141Tracking Vulnerability and Resilience: Gambling Careers in the Criminal Justice System.Gerda ReithEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)RES-191-25-0004SPS - SOCIOLOGY