High-resolution quantitative sodium imaging at 9.4 tesla

Mirkes, C. C., Hoffmann, J., Shajan, G., Pohmann, R. and Scheffler, K. (2015) High-resolution quantitative sodium imaging at 9.4 tesla. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 73(1), pp. 342-351. (doi:10.1002/mrm.25096) (PMID:24435910)

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Abstract

Purpose Investigation of the feasibility to perform high-resolution quantitative sodium imaging at 9.4 Tesla (T). Methods A proton patch antenna was combined with a sodium birdcage coil to provide a proton signal without compromising the efficiency of the X-nucleus coil. Sodium density weighted images with a nominal resolution of 1 × 1 × 5 mm3 were acquired within 30 min with an ultrashort echo time sequence. The methods used for signal calibration as well as for B0, B1, and off-resonance correction were verified on a phantom and five healthy volunteers. Results An actual voxel volume of roughly 40 μL could be achieved at 9.4T, while maintaining an acceptable signal-to-noise ratio (8 for brain tissue and 35 for cerebrospinal fluid). The measured mean sodium concentrations for gray and white matter were 36 ± 2 and 31 ± 1 mmol/L of wet tissue, which are comparable to values previously reported in the literature. Conclusion The reduction of partial volume effects is essential for accurate measurement of the sodium concentration in the human brain. Ultrahigh field imaging is a viable tool to achieve this goal due to its increased sensitivity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gunamony, Dr Shajan
Authors: Mirkes, C. C., Hoffmann, J., Shajan, G., Pohmann, R., and Scheffler, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0740-3194
ISSN (Online):1522-2594
Published Online:16 January 2014

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