The ‘Clisurean’ finds from Climente II cave, Iron Gates, Romania

Bonsall, C., Boroneanţ, A., Evatt, A., Soficaru, A., Nica, C., Bartosiewicz, L., Cook, G. T. , Higham, T. F.G. and Pickard, C. (2016) The ‘Clisurean’ finds from Climente II cave, Iron Gates, Romania. Quaternary International, 423, pp. 303-314. (doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.12.017)

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Abstract

Climente II cave, Iron Gates, Romania was excavated in 1968–9. Human remains were recovered from contexts identified as ‘Clisurean’ (Final Epigravettian), along with ca 6000 chipped stone artifacts, bone tools including awls, arrowheads and a fragment of a harpoon, and shell and animal tooth ornaments. This article presents a re-evaluation of the archaeological finds from Climente II. Osteological analysis of the human remains confirms at least three individuals: a robust, young adult male aged between 18 and 28 years, a second (older) adult, and a neonate. Single-entity 14C dating of human bone and humanly modified animal bones suggests the Clisurean occupation occurred during the Bølling–Allerød warm period. Carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) stable isotope analyses highlight the importance of fish in human diet at Climente II. Comparison of the Climente II archaeological inventory with that from later, fisher-hunter-gatherer settlements in the Iron Gates indicates continuity of mortuary ritual, lithic tradition and subsistence practices from the Lateglacial into the Early Holocene.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cook, Professor Gordon
Authors: Bonsall, C., Boroneanţ, A., Evatt, A., Soficaru, A., Nica, C., Bartosiewicz, L., Cook, G. T., Higham, T. F.G., and Pickard, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Quaternary International
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1040-6182
ISSN (Online):1873-4553
Published Online:22 January 2016

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