Efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan relative to a prior decompensation: the PARADIGM-HF trial

Solomon, S. D., Claggett, B., Packer, M., Desai, A., Zile, M. R., Swedberg, K., Rouleau, J., Shi, V., Lefkowitz, M. and McMurray, J. J.V. (2016) Efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan relative to a prior decompensation: the PARADIGM-HF trial. JACC: Heart Failure, 4(10), pp. 816-822. (doi: 10.1016/j.jchf.2016.05.002) (PMID:27395349)

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Abstract

Objectives: This study assessed whether the benefit of sacubtril/valsartan therapy varied with clinical stability. Background: Despite the benefit of sacubitril/valsartan therapy shown in the PARADIGM-HF (Prospective Comparison of ARNI with ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) trial, it has been suggested that switching from an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker should be delayed until occurrence of clinical decompensation. Methods: Outcomes were compared among patients who had prior hospitalization within 3 months of screening (n = 1,611 [19%]), between 3 and 6 months (n = 1,009 [12%]), between 6 and 12 months (n = 886 [11%]), >12 months (n = 1,746 [21%]), or who had never been hospitalized (n = 3,125 [37%]). Results: Twenty percent of patients without prior HF hospitalization experienced a primary endpoint of cardiovascular death or heart failure (HF) hospitalization during the course of the trial. Despite the increased risk associated with more recent hospitalization, the efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan therapy did not differ from that of enalapril according to the occurrence of or time from hospitalization for HF before screening, with respect to the primary endpoint or with respect to cardiovascular or all-cause mortality. Conclusions: Patients with recent HF decompensation requiring hospitalization were more likely to experience cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization than those who had never been hospitalized. Patients who were clinically stable, as shown by a remote HF hospitalization (>3 months prior to screening) or by lack of any prior HF hospitalization, were as likely to benefit from sacubitril/valsartan therapy as more recently hospitalized patients. (Prospective Comparison of ARNI with ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure [PARADIGM-HF]; NCT01035255).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Solomon, S. D., Claggett, B., Packer, M., Desai, A., Zile, M. R., Swedberg, K., Rouleau, J., Shi, V., Lefkowitz, M., and McMurray, J. J.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:JACC: Heart Failure
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-1779
ISSN (Online):2213-1787
Published Online:06 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The American College of Cardiology Foundation
First Published:First published in JACC: Heart Failure 2016
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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