Critique de l’« orientation sexuelle » et de l’« identité de genre » dans le discours des droits humains : la politique queer mondiale au-delà des principes de Yogyakarta

Waites, M. (2016) Critique de l’« orientation sexuelle » et de l’« identité de genre » dans le discours des droits humains : la politique queer mondiale au-delà des principes de Yogyakarta. Genre, Sexualité et Société, 15, (doi:10.4000/gss.3736)

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Abstract

This article presents a critique of the concepts "sexual orientation" and "gender identity", which are being employed to contest global human rights discourses by prevailing international lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) and human rights activist networks – notably in the Declaration of Montreal (2006) and, especially, the Yogyakarta Principles (2007). Theoretical analysis, informed by social theory and queer theory, is presented of these key concepts shaping human rights debates, particularly in relation to the United Nations. Relationships between the discourses used by international governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), academics and activists are analysed to discern the conceptions of subjectivity and identity operating. With reference to Judith Butler’s "heterosexual matrix", it is proposed that the entry of "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" into human rights discourse can be interpreted as installing a distinctive gender and sexuality matrix, but also that definitions of "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" in the Yogyakarta Principles facilitate contestation of these concepts. It is argued that LGBT, queer and allied NGOs and activists should systematically contest these concepts’ dominant meanings.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Keywords:Sexual orientation, gender identity, sexuality, gender, queer, politics, Yogyakarta.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Waites, Dr Matthew
Authors: Waites, M.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JC Political theory
K Law > KZ Law of Nations
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Genre, Sexualité et Société
Publisher:College de France - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales
ISSN:2104-3736
ISSN (Online):2104-3736
Published Online:19 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Author
First Published:First published in Genre, Sexualité et Société 15
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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