Return to the workforce following first hospitalization for heart failure: a Danish nationwide cohort study

Rørth, R. et al. (2016) Return to the workforce following first hospitalization for heart failure: a Danish nationwide cohort study. Circulation, 134(14), pp. 999-1009. (doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.021859) (PMID:27507406)

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Abstract

Background: Return to work is important financially, as a marker of functional status and for self-esteem in patients developing chronic illness. We examined return to work after first heart failure (HF) hospitalization. Methods: By individual-level linkage of nationwide Danish registries, we identified 21455 patients of working age (18-60 years) with a first HF hospitalization in the period of 1997-2012. Of these 11880 (55%) were in the workforce prior to HF hospitalization and comprised the study population. We applied logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) for associations between age, sex, length of hospital stay, level of education, income, comorbidity and return to work. Results: One year after first HF hospitalization, 8040 (67.7%) returned to the workforce, 2981 (25.1%) did not, 805 (6.7%) died and 54 (0.5%) emigrated. Predictors of return to work included younger age (18-30 vs. 51-60 years, OR 3.12; 95% CI 2.42-4.03), male sex (OR 1.22 [1.18-1.34]) and level of education (long-higher vs. basic school OR 2.06 [1.63-2.60]). Conversely, hospital stay >7 days (OR 0.56 [0.51-0.62]) and comorbidity including history of stroke (OR 0.55 [0.45-0.69]), chronic kidney disease (OR 0.46 [0.36-0.59]), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 0.62 [0.52-0.75]), diabetes (OR 0.76 [0.68-0.85]) and cancer (OR 0.49 [0.40-0.61]) were all significantly associated with lower chance of return to work. Conclusions: Patients in the workforce prior to HF hospitalization had low mortality but high risk of detachment from the workforce one year later. Young age, male sex, and higher level of education were predictors of return to work.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The study was funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research, and Dr Kristensen was funded by a Research Fellowship from the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jhund, Dr Pardeep and Petrie, Professor Mark and Kristensen, Mr Soren Lund and Mogensen, Dr Ulrik and McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Rørth, R., Wong, C., Kragholm, K., Fosbøl, E. L., Mogensen, U. M., Lamberts, M., Petrie, M. C., Jhund, P. S., Gerds, T. A., Torp-Pedersen, C., Gislason, G. H., McMurray, J. J.V., Køber, L., and Kristensen, S. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Circulation
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0009-7322
ISSN (Online):1524-4539
Published Online:09 August 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 American Heart Association
First Published:First published in Circulation 134(12):999-1009
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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