Alveolar macrophage chemotaxis in fire victims with smoke inhalation and burns injury.

Riyami, B.M.S., Kinsella, J., Pollok, J., Clark, C., Stevenson, R.D., Reid, W.H., Campbell, D. and Gemmell, C.G. (1991) Alveolar macrophage chemotaxis in fire victims with smoke inhalation and burns injury. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 21(5), pp. 485-489. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2362.1991.tb01399.x) (PMID:1752287)

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Abstract

In vitro migration of alveolar macrophages was studied in 24 fire victims and 19 controls; all subjects were cigarette smokers. Unstimulated (P = 0.01) and stimulated migration towards casein-(P = 0.01) and zymosan-activated serum (P = 0.002) of macrophages from smoke inhalation patients (SI) (n = 19) was increased when compared to control subjects (CS). Migration of alveolar macrophages from patients with burns without smoke inhalation (burns only, BO) was not increased. Patients with smoke inhalation and no burns (smoke only, SO) (n = 9) had increased migration when compared to controls but this was not statistically significant. Patients with smoke inhalation and burns (SB) (n = 10) had increased unstimulated migration (P = 0.01) and increased migration towards casein (P less than 0.005), ZAS (P less than 0.002) and F-met-leu-phe (P less than 0.05) when compared to controls (CS). Lavage fluid from the fire victims displayed chemotactic activity towards normal human neutrophils and its analysis for the components of the complement cascade proved positive (Clq, Clr, Factor B and C3). These data suggest that activation of alveolar macrophages may contribute to the development of pathophysiological changes in patients with smoke inhalation (SI) and particularly those with smoke inhalation and burns (SB).

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kinsella, Professor John
Authors: Riyami, B.M.S., Kinsella, J., Pollok, J., Clark, C., Stevenson, R.D., Reid, W.H., Campbell, D., and Gemmell, C.G.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
ISSN:0014-2972
ISSN (Online):1365-2362

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