Neoadjuvant chemotherapy modulates the immune microenvironment in metastases of tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma

Böhm, S. et al. (2016) Neoadjuvant chemotherapy modulates the immune microenvironment in metastases of tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(12), pp. 3025-3036. (doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-15-2657) (PMID:27306793)

120928.pdf - Accepted Version



Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) on immune activation in stage IIIC/IV tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), and its relationship to treatment response. Experimental Design: We obtained pre- and posttreatment omental biopsies and blood samples from a total of 54 patients undergoing platinum-based NACT and 6 patients undergoing primary debulking surgery. We measured T-cell density and phenotype, immune activation, and markers of cancer-related inflammation using IHC, flow cytometry, electrochemiluminescence assays, and RNA sequencing and related our findings to the histopathologic treatment response. Results: There was evidence of T-cell activation in omental biopsies after NACT: CD4+ T cells showed enhanced IFNγ production and antitumor Th1 gene signatures were increased. T-cell activation was more pronounced with good response to NACT. The CD8+ T-cell and CD45RO+ memory cell density in the tumor microenvironment was unchanged after NACT but biopsies showing a good therapeutic response had significantly fewer FoxP3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells. This finding was supported by a reduction in a Treg cell gene signature in post- versus pre-NACT samples that was more pronounced in good responders. Plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines decreased in all patients after NACT. However, a high proportion of T cells in biopsies expressed immune checkpoint molecules PD-1 and CTLA4, and PD-L1 levels were significantly increased after NACT. Conclusions: NACT may enhance host immune response but this effect is tempered by high/increased levels of PD-1, CTLA4, and PD-L1. Sequential chemoimmunotherapy may improve disease control in advanced HGSC.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ennis, Dr Darren and Mcneish, Professor Iain
Authors: Böhm, S., Montfort, A., Pearce, O. M.T., Topping, J., Chakravarty, P., Everitt, G. L.A., Clear, A., McDermott, J. R., Ennis, D., Dowe, T., Fitzpatrick, A., Brockbank, E. C., Lawrence, A. C., Jeyarajah, A., Faruqi, A. Z., McNeish, I. A., Singh, N., Lockley, M., and Balkwill, F. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Clinical Cancer Research
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN (Online):1557-3265
Published Online:15 June 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 American Association for Cancer Research
First Published:First published in Clinical Cancer Research 22(12): 3025-3036
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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