The life expectancy of different ethnic groups using death records linked to population census data for 4.62 million people in Scotland

Gruer, L., Cézard, G., Clark, E., Douglas, A., Steiner, M., Millard, A., Buchanan, D., Katikireddi, S. V. , Sheikh, A. and Bhopal, R. (2016) The life expectancy of different ethnic groups using death records linked to population census data for 4.62 million people in Scotland. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 70(12), pp. 1251-1254. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2016-207426) (PMID:27473157) (PMCID:PMC5136685)

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Abstract

Background: Few countries record the data needed to estimate life expectancy by ethnic group. Such information is helpful in assessing the extent of health inequality. Method: Life tables were created using 3 years of deaths (May 2001–April 2004) linked to Scottish 2001 Census data for 4.62 million individuals with self-reported ethnicity. We created 8 ethnic groups based on the census definitions, each with at least 5000 individuals and 40 deaths. Life expectancy at birth was calculated using the revised Chiang method. Results: The life expectancy of White Scottish males at birth was 74.7 years (95% CI 74.6 to 74.8), similar to Mixed Background (73.0; 70.2 to 75.8) and White Irish (75.0; 74.0 to 75.9), but shorter than Indian (80.9; 78.4 to 83.4), Pakistani (79.3; 76.9 to 81.6), Chinese (79.0; 76.5 to 81.5), Other White British (78.9; 78.6 to 79.2) and Other White (77.2; 76.4 to 78.1). The life expectancy of White Scottish females was 79.4 years (79.3 to 79.5), similar to mixed background (79.3; 76.6 to 82.0), but shorter than Pakistani (84.6; 82.0 to 87.3), Chinese (83.4; 81.1 to 85.7), Indian (83.3; 80.7 to 85.9), Other White British (82.6; 82.3 to 82.9), other White (82.0; 81.3 to 82.8) and White Irish (81; 80.2 to 81.8). Conclusions: Males and females in most of the larger ethnic minority groups in Scotland have longer life expectancies than the majority White Scottish population.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Short report.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Douglas, Ms Anne and Katikireddi, Dr Vittal and Gruer, Dr Lawrence
Authors: Gruer, L., Cézard, G., Clark, E., Douglas, A., Steiner, M., Millard, A., Buchanan, D., Katikireddi, S. V., Sheikh, A., and Bhopal, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Publisher:B M J Group
ISSN:0143-005X
ISSN (Online):0141-7681
Published Online:29 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 70(12):1251-1254
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
699162Understanding the impacts of welfare policy on health: A novel data linkage studySrinivasa KatikireddiScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)SCAF/15/02IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
727651SPHSU Core Renewal: Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Research ProgrammeAlastair LeylandMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/13IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU